It is a medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis, care, treatment, rehabilitation, and prevention of injuries and diseases of the body’s musculoskeletal system, the complex system that includes: bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves.Orthopaedic Surgeons manage special problems of the many regions of the musculoskeletal system including: diagnosing injury; treatment of the injury or disorder with medication, exercise, surgery; management of rehabilitation or physical therapy to restore movement, strength, and function. As much as 50% of the Orthopedist’s practice is devoted to non-surgical or medical management of injuries or diseases while, the 50% is devoted to surgical procedures. Out of all the doctors, only 3.1% are Orthopedic Surgeons.
Orthopedics began in the 18th century with pioneering efforts of Jean Andre Venel. Originally, Orthopedic Surgery was used to treat crippled children with skeletal deformities. The word Orthopedic comes from two Greek parts. “Ortho” means straight and “pedic” has to do with children. Hence the original purpose of the specialty. It wasn’t long before diseases like; Ostemyelitis, Poliomyelities, and Tuberculosis crippled children, and required specialized treatment. Before, most skeletal problems where treated by the family physician and the more serious cases where handled by a surgeon.